Family life Education

Published by: Mandira

Published Date: 10 Jan 2022

Family life Education in Grade 9

Introduction

Family is a group of individuals who are sharing the same roof and related by blood, marriage and adoption. They interact as their designated roles for collective developments.

Introduction to Family Life Education

Family life education is that practice of education which help in the overall development of family members. The education, personality, character, labor, occupation and behavior of a person affect him/her directly or indirectly. Our physical, mental, social and emotional aspects affect our personality. Family life education provides great help to make family happy and to promote family welfare. The family life education helps to know about the changes seen in or body from the early age in our life. Our parents and our family will be happy if we can follow according to the knowledge of the various changes seen in our body. The family life education also helps to face different problems likely to come in family.

The importance of family education are given below:

  • Family life education helps young people to deal with physical, emotional and social changes which takes place in the process of growing up.
  • It makes them aware that they are becoming more and more sexually mature. It will guide them to from healthy sex attitudes and behavior.
  • It makes them able to communicate effectively with others and make a decision about family life, relationship and members of the community.
  • It enables them to establish and maintain proper relationships with the members of the family, friends and other people.
  • It provides them knowledge, values and skills which are essential for adult life. Marriage, parenthood and participation are in community life.

Needs of Family

Every family needs certain things such as food, shelter, clothes, education and health services, etc. which are considered as the basic needs. All the family members are satisfied if all this things are provided to them. With the increase in the size of the family, the quantities of these things have to be increased. The head of the family has to think whether he/she is in the position to increase the quantities. 

According to psychologist Abraham Maslow, the needs of family can be divided into following:

  • Basic needs: The most rudimentary human needs, associated with the survival of human beings, are called basic needs. Human beings cannot survive in the absence of these things. One needs of food to eat, water to drink and house to live.
  • Physiological needs: Physiological needs are associated with the function of body organ. If these needs are not fulfilled, the normal existence of life stops. No one can survive in the absence of water. Sex is biological needs of the youth. In its absence, the life is not continued. Therefore, physiological needs are at the lowest rank. After this, human being moves to safety needs. After one's stomach is full, s/he needs a safe environment. Cloth and shelter provide security from the general environmental torments and the foes.
  • Additional needs: The secondary human needs, associated with career development and better living standard, are termed as additional needs. After the basic human needs are fulfilled or after the empty stomach becomes fulfill, human beings needs better life. He needs love, care, affection, respect, freedom and eventually self fulfillment.

Features of Nepalese family

Families have common features. It is based on the pedestal of love, responsibilities and duty. It is the network of different types of relationships and it is also the inheritor of cultural and social values of the earlier generation. Some distinctive features of family are given below:

  • Nepalese family is monoandrous. One female marries with a single husband. The rate of disconnect and polyandry is also not so developed in Nepal.
  • In Nepalese family, the load of house is still on the female. She is everything for all the household works. The fathers are expected to involve in non- domestic works.
  • The number of single parent family is quite less. Both parents are found in the family.
  • Nepalese families take relationships from the sheer emotional view. The family members do not take family relations from the point of view of duty alone. The relationship is one of nearness and harmony.

Planing of Family

Planning which makes family members happy through proper management and proper use of resources is called the planning of family. It is needed to make any families happy and prosperous. Proper planning of family can only work for welfare of the family. Family welfare is possible only with the appropriate planning of family. While planning a family we should consider things like family size, family health etc.

Responsibilities of Parents

The responsibilities of parents are meant by the role, efforts and contributions of the parents for the children's physical. Mental, social and emotional development as well as the development of other aspects so that children can develop themselves and contribute largely to the development of the society and nation. The life of the children will be in a trouble once the parents fail to understand their responsibilities towards them.

The important responsibilities of parents towards their children are given below:

  • To give nutritious food and proper clothing.
  • To develop a habitat for hardworking.
  • To support moral life.
  • To create healthy environment.
  • To develop the concept of practical thinking.
  • To help them lead an independent life.
  • To take care of the children and provide them proper education.
  • To lift the children according to the social values.
  • To keep the children healthy and strong.
  • To provide equal love and affection to both son and daughter.

Marriage

A social phenomenon which establishes a kind of relation between male and female according to the social norms and values is known as marriage.It is a legal union of male and female as husband and wife.Marriage has been considered as moral base of male and female relationship from the ancient time and has occupied important status in every society.

 

Types of Marriage

  • Monogamy: It is the process of being married only with one woman or man. It is the most practiced types of marriage in our society.
  • Polygamy: Polygamy is a type of marriage in which one man is married to two or more than two women in the same time. This is further divided into two types, sororal and non- sororal. In the sororal type of polygamy, all the wives are from the same parent whereas, in non- sororal type of polygamy, all wives belong to the different parent or are from different parents or family.
  • Polyandry: In this type, the woman is married to two or more than two men. This type of marriage is more common in Tibet, Africa, India and Mountain region of Nepal.

Age of Marriage

According to recent law of Nepal, male should be of 20 years and female should be of 18 years and requires their parents permission to get married.

Advantages of marriage at proper age

  • Healthy child is born form physically, mentally, morally matured mother.
  • Both male and female get opportunity to be educated.
  • Both male and female get opportunity ti learn income generating skills and cab be employed easily.
  • There is development of knowledge and understanding in parents.
  • Parents get more opportunities to work in social and economical field.
  • The age of studying, learning and playing cab be fully utilized.
  • The size of family become small.

Disadvantage of early marriage

  • There is less opportunity for parents to get education.
  • Female reproductive organs have not been matured.
  • Parents are bounded in family relations without utilizing their childhood rights.
  • Females do not get opportunities to learn income generating skills.
  • There is lack of appropriate knowledge about reproductive process, family planning etc.
  • There is more possibility of unstable family relation due to early marriage.

Ageing Population

This world is dynamic. Our world is made up of all the living and non living creatures. All these creatures get old with time along with its motion. This is a natural process going continuously. IN the context of man, he is born and he goes on changing with the motion of time. The man becomes old by crossing the stage from infant to child, and from childhood to adolescence. The changing of the physical and corporal structure of body with motion of time is called ageing.

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