Concept of Safety Education

Published by: Mandira

Published Date: 12 Jan 2022

Concept of Safety Education in Grade 9

Concept of Saftey Education

Introduction to Safety Education

Life is like the most important game that is ever played. There are rules for playing it safely and well. If you follow the rules, you can reach your goal. A risky short cut may cut a life short. Walking across the tracks, swimming in unprotected pools, crossing the street unnecessarily instead of walking in the pavement, standing on a chair instead of a stepladder and trying to make electrical repairs without shutting off the current are dangerous short cuts. Each time you fail to follow the rules of safety, you may be taking a big risk with your life.

It is natural to have accidents in various phases of our life, but it can be prevented. Everyone will agree that it is better to take the time and try to prevent them than to spend much more time trying to cure the injury. Take time to be safe. Life is valuable, so safety is necessary. The term safety means taking precaution beforehand. It is aimed at avoiding accidents.

Prevention is better than cure"is an old saying but still deep rooted. Safety education characterizes this saying. Safety education aims at preventing from accidents. You everybody hear some news about road mishap, somebody dying of electric shock and others. The main aim of safety education is to provide necessary warns and precautions so that the possible accidents would be prevented. Safety education is a series of instructions and warnings that provides awareness about possible harms and injuries with an objective of minimizing injuries and their fatal consequences. Safety education is the need of modern age. This is the guidance for our activities and protectors of our life.

In fact, safety education is the means and process of taking precautions to avoid the accident. We may say that the rules, means and methods adopted and followed for the safe living is called safety education.

Importance of Safety education

The safety educations have the following merits.

  1. It helps to provide safe and healthy living.
  2. It protects people from premature and unexpected death.
  3. It helps in longevity.
  4. It helps to create a civilized and progressive society.
  5. It helps to build healthy and successive personality.
  6. It helps to protect people from unnecessary expenses.
  7. It protects people from undue mental tension.

Introduction, Characteristics, Importance and Components of Primary Health Care

Primary health care is an essential health care based on practical, scientifically sound and socially acceptable methods and technology made universally accessible to individuals and families in the community through their full participation and at the cost that the community and the country can afford to maintain at every stages of their development in the spirit of self determination.

Characteristics of the Concept of Primary Health Care (PHC)

  1. Easily available and most essential health services:The service delivered within the primary health care should be easily available and should meet the primary needs of the mass. It does not include sophisticated and specialized service. In fact, the health services which can be easily delivered to every individual come under primary health care.
  2. Acceptable for the family and Community:The services provided in PHC should be easily acceptable to every individual and community. The traditional and illiterate community like ours cannot easily accept any kinds of means and services. We can also change the traditional thinking and attitude of the people and make PHC services acceptable to them but it requires qualified manpower.
  3. Wholesome Community Participation:In this system, communities are encouraged to take the initiation in identifying their own health and social problem. Therefore, the integration of curative, preventive and promotional health services are given in a unified way by the participation of local mass.
  4. Community and nation can bear the expenses: PHC service is based on local technology and can be easily managed by the local people and community. It does not require more infrastructures and complex technology which can be easily handled by the national economy. If the planning is done to construct hospitals with modern technology in every village. It is very difficult to bear the expenses by the state. It is almost impossible for national economy. But primary health care system is cheaper and affordable to the people of community. The state also gets more benefits at low cost.

The importance of primary health care are as follows:

  • It is shaped around life partners of the population.
  • It serves and meets the needs of the community.
  • It can be delivered by the villagers after simple training and preparation, etc.
  • It is based on available community resources.
  • It helps to bring the health care into line with local needs and priority.
  • It is fully integrated with community developmental activities.
  • It is an integrated approach of preventive, pro-motive, curative and rehabilitation services for the individual, family and community.

Components of Primary Health Care

The facilities and services of PHC may vary in various countries and communities. However, the basic concept of PHC is the same. The Alma Ata conference has put forward eight important aspects of primary health care. They are:

Adequate supply of safe drinking water and basic sanitation

There is a close relationship between supply of water and sanitation. If there is no supply of water, the sanitary condition will automatically be affected. It is due to lack of safe drinking water and poor sanitation, the gastrointestinal diseases like diarrhea, cholera, typhoid; roundworm, dysentery, etc. make us the victim. If we do not protect us from such diseases, we cannot maintain our good health.

Health education

Good health is fundamentally and intrinsically important to live a worthwhile human life. Good health, of itself, is an end of all human endeavors. It health inhibits access to opportunities in education, work, income earning, political and cultural participation and other value dimensions of human life. In fact, health education communicates with the facts that help to promote the ways of healthy living and to solve basic health problems.

Nutrition

A balanced diet is highly necessary to live a healthy life. Sufficient supply of food and management of proper nutrition is necessary to get a balanced diet. We suffer from malnutrition if we lack a balance diet. Various health related problems emerge along with malnutrition. Therefore, proper supply of food and management of nutrition is one of the important aspects of PHC.

Immunization

Immunization is a widely accepted level of protection against a large number of communicable disease. People of developing countries due to lack of proper knowledge of health, poor economic status, and sophisticated curative health service are not a position to afford the expenses of treatment. In such a context immunization is the only major preventive measure against various communicable diseases such as T. B., Tetanus, Diphtheria, Whooping cough and poll-oi. So, the primary health care is giving more emphasis on immunization program-mes for the protection and development of health.

Provision of essential drugs

PHC has emphasized on the management of most necessary drugs. The health posts and sub health posts of our villages and communities manage and supply the required medicines for diarrhea, fever, pain, etc. free of cost. In addition, medicine is also provided for minor injuries and wound.

Availability and Distribution of Medicine

One of the major intentions of the primary health care is top distribute and make the most common medicine available, to the areas which help to control the primary illness.

Treatment of Communicable Diseases

In the absence of proper and time treatment on communicable diseases various rural people have died immature death. Treatment of various such diseases can be managed at the local level with short training preparation. So, in order to control death due to communicable diseases the primary health care organizes the training program-mes for local people, which help in the treatment of communicable diseases at local level.

Management of Safe Home, Courtyard, Road and Play Ground

Our home, courtyard, street, school and play ground should be managed safely. It is wrong to believe that well as managed construction and facilities always keep us away from accidents. All constructed buildings, roads, places, grounds, etc. may not be fully scientifically managed. If we can adopt safety measures while doing our work, we can save ourselves from possible accidents. We now discuss about the safety measures to be adopted at homes, roads, schools and playground.

Safety measures to be adopted at home

  • Keep the tools and weapons such as spade, axes, rope, stick umbrella, etc which may cause injuries or wounds in a safe and proper place.
  • Do not keep electric wires bare and use safety measures while fixing the electric wires.
  • Handle appliances like knives, sickles, and scissors, etc. with proper care.
  • Manage light at the places of ladders. Also make a railing on the ladder if possible.
  • Do not throw sharp appliances haphazardly in the courtyard. Take care while cleaning the posts of hot water.
  • Clean the toilet frequently and also manage light in it.
  • Keep inflammable appliances away from the kitchen or fire place.
  • Do not leave infants and children alone and do not keep any sharp appliances in the places where they play.
  • Fill unnecessary ditches and pits in your lawn or courtyard.
  • Poisons and medicines should be kept out of reach of children.
  • Do not tease dogs, cats or other animals.

Safety Measures on Road

Although we are living in an age when much of our travel from place to place is by some form of vehicle, there is still a great amount of travel on foot. Most of the fatal and non fatal accidents to pedestrians occur while they are crossing at intersections, walking in the roadway, coming from behind parked cars of bus, and playing in the street or roadway. Therefore look before you step in to the street. Accidents on the road can be prevented.

Being today to practice the safety rules listed below:

  • Traffic signals are for your guidance, so follow the traffic rules.
  • Never cross the street if the traffic signal is against you.
  • Do not talk diagonally across a street intersection.
  • Avoid coming from behind parked car or bus.
  • Never get on/ down while vehicle is in motion.
  • Never play in the street.
  • Cross the road at zebra crossing.
  • Pedestrian should walk on his side of the road facing traffic.
  • Pedestrian should walk on sidewalks.
  • Don't hurry while boarding on or alighting from a bus, and wait for your turn.

Safety Measures to be adopted at school

Nowadays, the rate of accident in schools is increasing day by day. The reason behind this may be a large number of students in school and their restless attitude, if we become aware and follow the safety measures strictly, we can reduce the number of such accidents.

The following are the safety that can be adopted at school:

  • Remove the materials that can cause accidents in the classroom.
  • Walk carefully if the floor of the classroom is slippery. Make the floor a bit rough.
  • Old and damaged ladders should be changed or repaired. If possible a railing should be put.
  • Steps stairs or ladders should be suited to one jump in one step rather than crossing many steps in one jump.
  • Old and damage desks and benches of the classroom should immediately be repaired.
  • Follow safely rules and discipline.
  • Doors and windows should be safely managed. It is good to put grills at windows.
  • Dustbins should be kept at different places of the schools to control the unnecessary throw of waste materials.
  • Defective sockets and worn out insulation wires should be timely repaired.

Safety Measures to be adopted at playground

Play is natural activity. Everyone wants to play. Educationists believed that play is essential for proper growth, development and physical fitness, and for that reason school and community should provide and manage the playground. But the ground must be safe and protected. Communities throughout the country would recognize the need of a safe play field. If you want playground to be a safe place, a little care and planning can be help to make your playground the way you want it to be.

The practice of safety rules in play ground are listed as follows:

  • Proper supervision of playground before the game is necessary.
  • Avoid the violation of play rules.
  • Use proper protective means according to the nature of the game.
  • Game must be played in recreational and co- operative spirit.
  • Make use of the nearest play ground or park.
  • Keep the drains covered.
  • Ground should be leveled and without pits.
  • Make sure that all the equipment's is in proper working condition.
  • Make sure that equipment's are sufficient according to the number of participants.
  • Keep the playground free of garbage, rubbish and broken glasses.

Despite all efforts, many accidents occur every day. Often these accidents happen in places where no doctor is readily available. In such cases, before the actual medical- aid can be rendered, something has to be done to the injured who has met with an accident, which helps to prevent the person from serious injury and possible loss of life.

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