Published by: Mandira
Published Date: 12 Jan 2022
Introduction to Safety Education
Life is like the most important game that is ever played. There are rules for playing it safely and well. If you follow the rules, you can reach your goal. A risky short cut may cut a life short. Walking across the tracks, swimming in unprotected pools, crossing the street unnecessarily instead of walking in the pavement, standing on a chair instead of a stepladder and trying to make electrical repairs without shutting off the current are dangerous short cuts. Each time you fail to follow the rules of safety, you may be taking a big risk with your life.
It is natural to have accidents in various phases of our life, but it can be prevented. Everyone will agree that it is better to take the time and try to prevent them than to spend much more time trying to cure the injury. Take time to be safe. Life is valuable, so safety is necessary. The term safety means taking precaution beforehand. It is aimed at avoiding accidents.
Prevention is better than cure"is an old saying but still deep rooted. Safety education characterizes this saying. Safety education aims at preventing from accidents. You everybody hear some news about road mishap, somebody dying of electric shock and others. The main aim of safety education is to provide necessary warns and precautions so that the possible accidents would be prevented. Safety education is a series of instructions and warnings that provides awareness about possible harms and injuries with an objective of minimizing injuries and their fatal consequences. Safety education is the need of modern age. This is the guidance for our activities and protectors of our life.
In fact, safety education is the means and process of taking precautions to avoid the accident. We may say that the rules, means and methods adopted and followed for the safe living is called safety education.
The safety educations have the following merits.
Primary health care is an essential health care based on practical, scientifically sound and socially acceptable methods and technology made universally accessible to individuals and families in the community through their full participation and at the cost that the community and the country can afford to maintain at every stages of their development in the spirit of self determination.
Characteristics of the Concept of Primary Health Care (PHC)
The importance of primary health care are as follows:
Components of Primary Health Care
The facilities and services of PHC may vary in various countries and communities. However, the basic concept of PHC is the same. The Alma Ata conference has put forward eight important aspects of primary health care. They are:
Adequate supply of safe drinking water and basic sanitation
There is a close relationship between supply of water and sanitation. If there is no supply of water, the sanitary condition will automatically be affected. It is due to lack of safe drinking water and poor sanitation, the gastrointestinal diseases like diarrhea, cholera, typhoid; roundworm, dysentery, etc. make us the victim. If we do not protect us from such diseases, we cannot maintain our good health.
Good health is fundamentally and intrinsically important to live a worthwhile human life. Good health, of itself, is an end of all human endeavors. It health inhibits access to opportunities in education, work, income earning, political and cultural participation and other value dimensions of human life. In fact, health education communicates with the facts that help to promote the ways of healthy living and to solve basic health problems.
A balanced diet is highly necessary to live a healthy life. Sufficient supply of food and management of proper nutrition is necessary to get a balanced diet. We suffer from malnutrition if we lack a balance diet. Various health related problems emerge along with malnutrition. Therefore, proper supply of food and management of nutrition is one of the important aspects of PHC.
Immunization is a widely accepted level of protection against a large number of communicable disease. People of developing countries due to lack of proper knowledge of health, poor economic status, and sophisticated curative health service are not a position to afford the expenses of treatment. In such a context immunization is the only major preventive measure against various communicable diseases such as T. B., Tetanus, Diphtheria, Whooping cough and poll-oi. So, the primary health care is giving more emphasis on immunization program-mes for the protection and development of health.
Provision of essential drugs
PHC has emphasized on the management of most necessary drugs. The health posts and sub health posts of our villages and communities manage and supply the required medicines for diarrhea, fever, pain, etc. free of cost. In addition, medicine is also provided for minor injuries and wound.
Availability and Distribution of Medicine
One of the major intentions of the primary health care is top distribute and make the most common medicine available, to the areas which help to control the primary illness.
Treatment of Communicable Diseases
In the absence of proper and time treatment on communicable diseases various rural people have died immature death. Treatment of various such diseases can be managed at the local level with short training preparation. So, in order to control death due to communicable diseases the primary health care organizes the training program-mes for local people, which help in the treatment of communicable diseases at local level.
Our home, courtyard, street, school and play ground should be managed safely. It is wrong to believe that well as managed construction and facilities always keep us away from accidents. All constructed buildings, roads, places, grounds, etc. may not be fully scientifically managed. If we can adopt safety measures while doing our work, we can save ourselves from possible accidents. We now discuss about the safety measures to be adopted at homes, roads, schools and playground.
Safety measures to be adopted at home
Safety Measures on Road
Although we are living in an age when much of our travel from place to place is by some form of vehicle, there is still a great amount of travel on foot. Most of the fatal and non fatal accidents to pedestrians occur while they are crossing at intersections, walking in the roadway, coming from behind parked cars of bus, and playing in the street or roadway. Therefore look before you step in to the street. Accidents on the road can be prevented.
Being today to practice the safety rules listed below:
Safety Measures to be adopted at school
Nowadays, the rate of accident in schools is increasing day by day. The reason behind this may be a large number of students in school and their restless attitude, if we become aware and follow the safety measures strictly, we can reduce the number of such accidents.
The following are the safety that can be adopted at school:
Safety Measures to be adopted at playground
Play is natural activity. Everyone wants to play. Educationists believed that play is essential for proper growth, development and physical fitness, and for that reason school and community should provide and manage the playground. But the ground must be safe and protected. Communities throughout the country would recognize the need of a safe play field. If you want playground to be a safe place, a little care and planning can be help to make your playground the way you want it to be.
The practice of safety rules in play ground are listed as follows:
Despite all efforts, many accidents occur every day. Often these accidents happen in places where no doctor is readily available. In such cases, before the actual medical- aid can be rendered, something has to be done to the injured who has met with an accident, which helps to prevent the person from serious injury and possible loss of life.