Information and communication Technology

Published by: BhumiRaj Timalsina

Published Date: 23 Jan 2022

Information and communication Technology in Grade-8, Reference Note

Introduction

During past term information technology and communication technology was a little-known phrase that was used by those who worked in the places like banks, telecommunication, hospitals etc. Today, information technology has become a household phrase. It defines binds places as industries, supermarkets, and others that use computers, networking, software programming etc. This age is also called "Age of Information and Communication Technology" where technology is playing a very important role.

Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) is a broader term for Information Technology (IT), which refers to all communication technologies, including the internet, wireless networks, cell phones, computers, software, middleware, video-conferencing, social networking, and other media applications and services enabling users to access, retrieve, store, transmit, and manipulate information in a digital form.

ICTs are also used to refer to the convergence of media technology such as audio-visual and telephone networks with computer networks, by means of a unified system of cabling (including signal distribution and management) or link system. However, there is no universally accepted definition of ICTs considering that the concepts, methods and tools involved in ICTs are steadily evolving on an almost daily basis.

What is Information and Communication Technology (ICT)?

As we know, computer technology is called information technology, which process data and provides information and telecommunication. This is the technology of sending data and message over long distance. The term ICT is now used to refer to the combination of computer technology with telecommunication as well. So, the combination of a computer network technology with telecommunication is called Information Communication Technology. ICT can be defined as the set of technological tools and resources used to communicate and create, disseminate, store and manage information. These technologies include computers, internet, broadcasting technologies and telephony.

Uses of Information Communication Technology

The development of ICT has made our life easier and comfortable. Due to the development of information and communication technology, the world has changed into the small global village. Today a man who lives in one corner of the world can get and share information by using his/her computer.We can attend a virtual class using the Internet through ICT. ICT has helped in each sector of our life.ICT has effects each and every aspects of our lives. It is used every where in this world from our kitchen to markets, from small schools to major industries. It is used in hospitals, transport, research laboratories etc.

For example in homes it is used in electronic microwave ovens, ACs, digital clocks, claculators, washing machines.

In scchools it is used in database management, CBT (Computer Base Training)

In offices its used in Management Information System

In shops at POS (Point of Sale) Terminals and stock management

In hospitals in opertion theatres, diagnosis laboratories, ultrasound, ct scan etc.

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